An addiction can be classified as a mental or physical dependence on a particular practice or substance that is normally habitual and is beyond ones voluntary control. The addiction is mainly characterized by physiological symptoms that are well defined upon withdrawal. Usually an addiction is as result of ingested substance that triggers pleasure and reward circuits that activate the brain.
Addiction is mainly characterized by such symptoms as, the inability of the person to stop using the substance, taking up much of the time trying to acquire the substance, use and recover from the effects of using it, sudden discontinuation of important employment social and recreational events. It is important to note that not all activities or substances are addictive. What a person may be addicted to may be another person’s fun activity. It only depends on the level of attachment to that particular activity or substance.
Listed below are a number of addictions.
1. Drug Dependence and Abuse
Drug abuse is desire that is intense and a person tends to increase the rate at which they consume particular substances at the expense of other important activities. On the other hand drug dependency is the body’s physical need of a particular agent. This can be classified as an addiction as the body cannot do without that substance. With time the dependence may result to such uncouth behaviors, physical harm and most of all association with the people that are also abusing drugs. A person that is abusing drugs often at times may not realize it until it is brought to their attention by another person or they find themselves arrested for drug related crimes.
Substances that are abused include illegal drugs; hallucinogens like phencyclidine and narcotics like heroin, plant products like hallucinogenic mushrooms and marijuana, chemicals like gasoline inhalants or drugs that are prescribed for instance vicodin.
2. Compulsive Behaviors
This includes behaviors such as shopping, gambling, computer and eating. One can develop and addictive behaviors on any of these and just like alcohol or drugs do it severely. In most cases, these present themselves as normal activities and one may not believe that they are addicted but the addiction cycle places them in the addictive list. . It is god that one learns to differentiate between having a good time, excessive indulging and developing addictive behaviors.
Addiction to alcohol is a common type of addiction as it is a common scenario among all ages. The severity ranges from mild to life threatening and will affect the alcoholic and his family as well as the society at large. This has remained a threat despite the focus that has been given on fighting illegal drugs. Among teenagers, it happens to be the most abused drugs. Statistics have shown that in America 50% of teens have had drinks by age 15 and 70% by age 17.
Withdrawing from alcoholism tends to be more difficult as compared to other drugs like heroine.
4. Barbiturate Abuse
Barbiturates are drugs classified under the Sedative-hypnotics. They induce sleep and decrease anxiety. It is not a practice that is commonly talked about as compared to other drugs but research done has revealed that the health risk associated with barbiturate abuse is far much significant. If one takes an overdose of these drugs, they may lead to a coma and eventual death. They cause addiction within a short period of time and the withdrawal symptoms may at times be life threatening.
It is a common scenario that one gets addicted to sex. Some people use it as a way of getting love in return. Sex satisfies that urge or need for attention and love for those that are sexually addicted. It becomes more than just about being intimate with a person- one increasingly begins craving for sexual release. Most of these addicts will change their partners more often so as to feel the excitement that comes with the first time encounters. This is a wrong perception as most of them end up being loveless or with STIs.
Dealing with an addiction is quite a task. Most of these addictions are hard to do away with and may require medical treatment so as to get over with. It is important therefore that one be careful on the activities that they do so as to avoid any form of addiction.